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We all get the occasional headache, but have you ever had a really severe headache? A recurring, painful and severe headache associated with other signs and symptoms is known as a migraine. It may last for hours or even days. A correct diagnosis is important so that it can be treated accordingly. A quick way to reach a doctor is to find an online doctor. Online healthcare apps can help you find an online doctor in Pakistan in no time.

Fun facts:

  • In some cases, triggers or factors that cause the headaches, such as light, sound and allergies can be identified easily.
  • A migraine may be preceded by a warning symptom before it actually begins.
  • Many people learn how to respond to these warning symptoms hence prevent a full-blown attack by recognizing and acting upon the warning signs.
  • Different meds like OTC painkillers may help with symptom relief, but some people require more specific medication. 
  • There are preventive medicines for individuals who experience severe migraine attacks. 

How common is a migraine?

According to the American Migraine Association, approximately 36 million Americans, or 12 percent of the population is affected by migraines! It can start as young as 10 years and go up to 40 years of age. Women are three times more likely to get migraines than men. 

What causes a migraine?

Doctors don’t exactly know what causes a migraine. The headaches are looked at as symptom of an overall condition known as migraine. Some experts believe that certain changes in the brain may lead to migraines or a part of it may also be hereditary. Studies show that migraines tend to run in families. Certain triggers or factors that contribute to a migraine can even be inherited. Common triggers that cause migraine headaches include fatigue, bright lights, loud sounds, hunger and weather changes.

If you experience headaches but aren’t sure whether it’s a migraine or not, talk to your doctor about it. Take note if it seems to get worse by exposure to bright light or sounds. For expert medical advice without going to a doctor’s office find an online physician in Pakistan. If you live in Lahore, look up the online clinic list in Pakistan and find an online physician in Lahore. Telehealth services like My live doctors are available in most major cities across Pakistan. 

Some scientists also believe that migraines result from changes in blood flow to the brain, the same mechanism believed to cause a simple headache. The headache is so severe and usually affects one side of the head because it involves the trigeminal nerve. This nerve supplies sensation to the head and face. Activation of the nerve causes release of certain chemicals related to inflammation and pain. 

It is suspected that they result from abnormal activity in the brain. This can affect the way nerves communicate as well as the chemicals and blood vessels in the brain. Genetics may make someone more sensitive to the triggers that can cause migraines.

Migraine triggers

Even though the exact cause of a migraine headache is still under investigation, there are certain known triggers or factors that contribute to a migraine:

  • Fluctuation in hormones. Women who experience migraine symptoms, tend to do so during menstruation, due to changing hormone levels.
  • Emotional stress, depression, anxiety, excitement, and shock can set off a migraine.
  • Fatigue
  • Sleep deprivation
  • Shoulder or neck tension/pain 
  • Poor posture
  • Excessive physical exertion
  • Heat exhaustion
  • Low blood sugar 
  • Dehydration 
  • Jet lag 

Contrary to popular belief, alcohol and caffeine can actually contribute to triggering migraines. In some people migraines are linked to specific foods like chocolate, cheese, citrus fruits, and foods containing the additive tyramine. Medications: Some sleeping pills, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) medications, and the combined contraceptive pill have all been named as possible triggers.

Environmental triggers like bright flickering screens and light, strong smells, second-hand smoke, and loud noises can set off a migraine. Sudden changes in temperature and weather can trigger the onset of a migraine as well.

If you feel like you can relate to any of the triggers above, you might be having a migraine headache. Migraines aren’t like regular headaches, they can last anywhere from 48-72 hours. Talk to your doctor for specific treatment. If time doesn’t allow you to schedule a conventional doctor’s appointment, find an online doctor and book an online doctor’s appointment in Pakistan. Online physicians in Pakistan are treating patients all over the country remotely for minor health problems like migraines. Download My live doctor app now and sign up for FREE. Talk to an online doctor in Pakistan today! 

Symptoms of a migraine

Besides the severe headache, here are some things to look out for:

  • Pain is usually confined to one side of the head but may shift to either side of the head
  • Pain may be throbbing or pulsing
  • Pain may increase during physical activity or straining
  • Pain may compromise your ability to perform regular activities
  • You might feel sick and vomit
  • Pain may be relieved by lying in a quiet and dark space.

Request an online doctor appointment with online doctor in Pakistan at My live doctors. Get medical advice and get treated from the comfort of your own home. Once you find an online doctor, schedule follow-ups with your online doctor too. Online doctors are equipped and trained to treat basic health conditions online and write online prescriptions as well.

How do you treat a migraine?

Migraines can effectively be treated by different medications. It is advised to take the medicine early on as the migraine begins instead of allowing to it to develop further. OTC medications are helpful for symptom relief as are other painkillers like aspirin. Accompanying symptoms like nausea are treated with medicines to help lessen the nausea. Anti-depressants, certain herbal extracts and vitamins may be given to prevent migraine. 

If you know what triggers your migraine, try to avoid those triggers. Talk to your online doctor in Lahore or wherever you live and work out a management plan for the type of headache you have. For more information please visit